A few days ago, Dogs Trust released the results of a survey of two ,000 dog owners who were asked what questions they might ask their dog if the dog could talk. the amount one question was: “Are you happy?” Although dogs can’t talk, they convey all the time. recuperating at reading dogs’ visual communication may be a great way for people to start to answer this question.
We can start by watching how scientists have assessed the visual communication of dogs in two very different situations—at the dog park and at the vet—where you would possibly expect dogs to be happy and stressed, respectively.
Do with no interpretation or explanation for why they are doing it.” Creating an ethogram “really is fun and an excellent experience in learning about how animals act,” he says.
One excellent spot to watch dogs’ behavior is that the dog park, where hopefully various dogs are romping around, having fun playing together. during a 2013 study of what happens at the dog park (Carrier et al., 2013), the scientists checked out various behaviors associated with play (play signals and attention-getting) also as signs of stress, conflict, and mounting.
Examples of play signals include an exaggerated approach, the play bow, and therefore the leap-on (“On hind legs, with front paws around partner’s head, tail up”). Attention-getting signals include biting, pawing at the opposite dog, and an exaggerated retreat.
In the occasion that you’re thinking, “Hold tight a moment , did you simply state chewing”? —yes, biting, or biting at the other dog, is a part of play. during this case, the bite is inhibited and does no harm (dogs learn acquired bite inhibition as puppies from twiddling with their littermates). It’s a reminder that the context and extent of a behavior are often important once we come to undertake and interpret it; one dog putting teeth on another dog isn’t necessarily bad.
The signs of stress that were considered during this study were a yawn, a tucked tail, lifting a paw, licking the snout, having a hunched posture, and running or pulling faraway from the opposite dog. Although most of the dogs showed a number of these signs at some point, most of them also showed many play behaviors.
Overall, most of the dogs appeared to be having an honest time, which suggests they enjoyed getting to the dog park and therefore the opportunities to play with other dogs. there have been a couple of dogs who often had a hunched posture, and in those cases, the scientists suggest that perhaps they’ll prefer to not attend the dog park in any case .
The vet is another matter, so let’s check out a number of the behaviors that were included during a study of whether a four-week training plan can help dogs be less stressed once they attend the vet (Stellato et al., 2019). As a part of the study, the researchers used a five-point scale to assess fear supported the dog’s visual communication . This included some subtle behaviors that you simply will recognize by now (yawning and lip licking), also as trembling, shaking, or vocalizing.
Dogs that were rated extremely fearful showed several of those behaviors, made many escape attempts or tried to cover , had a tucked tail, a coffee head, and their ears were low and pinned on the brink of their head. In contrast, dogs that were rated as not in the least fearful had their ears forward, their head and tail during a normal or high position, made no attempts to flee or hide, and didn’t show any of these subtle behaviors, like yawning. (And the great news? Yes, training appeared to help.)
The visual communication signs mentioned during this piece are, of course, not the complete range of signs that dogs make, but they’re all signs that we’d see in our dog, whether sometimes or often. they’re a number of the signs which will help us to answer the question, “Are you happy?” a number of those subtle behaviors—like snout licking and yawning—may often be missed by ordinary dog owners. Meanwhile, a number of the play behaviors, including the biting part, may easily be misinterpreted, causing owners to feel unnecessarily stressed.
It takes time to find out to interpret dogs’ visual communication , but there’s no better time to start out than now. And while “Are you happy?” was the highest question people wanted to ask their dog, “How could I make your life happier?” came in second place. My book Wag: The Science of creating Your Dog Happy aims to answer this question. the very fact that dog owners care such a lot about their pets’ happiness bodes well for the welfare of dogs.